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How Drug Expiry Dates are Created, Explained for Students in Drug Safety Courses

When a manufacturer stamps a medication bottle with an expiration date, this date reflects the period of time the drug is known by the manufacturer to be stable. The stability refers to the length of time the drug should retain its quality, potency, and purity when stored in recommended conditions and in its original packaging.  To understand more about how Health Canada works with drug manufacturers to regulate the expiration dates of medications in Canada, and shed some light on some new thinking on the accuracy of these dates, let’s examine the issue more closely.  Drug Expiration as Governed Under.. READ MORE »

October 22, 2020

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What Those in Cannabis Retail Compliance Should Know About Canada’s Import Laws

Since cannabis was first legalized in Canada in 2018, the nation has rapidly progressed within the industry. The country has become renowned and admired internationally for having one of the largest and most well-developed cannabis markets in the world. Yet the rules and regulations surrounding the importation and exportation of cannabis products are often confusing to both individual consumers and commercial retailers. The Cannabis Act was established by the Canadian government in 2018, for the purpose of controlling the country’s distribution, production, and sales of cannabis from a regulatory and legal standpoint. To understand more about these regulations overseen by.. READ MORE »

October 20, 2020

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How Probiotics Are Regulated by Those with Careers in Regulatory Affairs

If a company slaps a label on a tub of yogurt or bottle of pills claiming the product to be a “safe and effective probiotic with proven health benefits,” the Canadian consumer has faith that the information is true thanks to regulatory oversight. People working in regulatory affairs are tasked with ensuring all kinds of products—from cosmetics to pharmaceuticals, natural health products, and foods—meet legislative requirements, which includes substantiating claims on safety and efficacy. Probiotics are live microorganisms that can be found in foods and natural health products, offering potential health benefits to those who consume them. To understand more.. READ MORE »

October 15, 2020

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Invested in Cannabis Quality Assurance? Here’s What You Should Know About Cloning

Today’s increasingly competitive cannabis marketplace demands product consistency and quality, making cloning a preferred choice of growers for its ability to reproduce identical high-quality plant strains. With a single female plant able to reproduce as many as 50 clones per week, it’s not much of a surprise this asexual growing process has become the dominant method of cultivation in the industry. Cultivating from clones is not without its critics, however, as some say the practice can cause a strain to lose its potency over time. To understand more about the cloning process and learn the best methods for getting it.. READ MORE »

October 13, 2020

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Animal Cloning’s Relevance to Regulatory Affairs

You may be familiar with the development of animal cloning over time, such as Dolly the sheep, which was cloned in 1996. However, what you might not be familiar with is how this practice relates to food safety and food supply. When an animal is cloned, their genetic makeup is copied via the replacement of an egg cell’s nucleus with that of a mature somatic cell, with no need for an egg-sperm union. The subsequent DNA transfer leads to a new embryo, which is then transferred to a surrogate before eventually being delivered.  Cloning animals for food production hasn’t been.. READ MORE »

October 8, 2020

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How to Stop Root Rot If You’re Interested in Cannabis Quality Assurance

Tending to your plants throughout their growth to get the best out of each harvest. Well-tended plants are more likely to produce larger yields and the higher-quality product in demand from today’s competitive marketplace. Growers must be vigilant throughout the cannabis plant’s life cycle in order to prevent all kinds of problems that can threaten the health of the crop, including pest invasion and diseases. Root rot is one of those diseases, and can result from pathogen infection. To understand more about this condition and how to handle it if your plants are affected, let’s take a closer look.   What.. READ MORE »

October 6, 2020

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How Professionals with Careers in Regulatory Affairs Regulate Vaccines

A professional working in regulatory affairs has the task of ensuring that all kinds of products from cosmetics to pharmaceuticals to human and veterinary medicines meet legislative requirements. When it comes to vaccines, this process means reviewing emerging vaccines for safety, efficacy, and quality. The development of vaccines under normal circumstances requires trials involving thousands of people, and can take many years to approve under a stringent review process. In the face of COVID-19, many vaccines are currently being developed at a much quicker rate, presenting complicated challenges for both the manufacturers of these new products as well as the.. READ MORE »

October 1, 2020

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What Those With Cannabis Training Should Know About the Cannabis Flowering Stage

The flowering stage of cannabis production is critical for getting the best out of your harvest. Following the germination and vegetative stages of its lifecycle, the flowering stage is the point when the plant begins to produce flowers, also referred to as the buds. For indoor growers this happens when you switch your lights to a 12/12 light cycle, providing 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness to the plant. During this stage, which lasts anywhere from 7-9 weeks for most strains, the cannabis plant becomes very sensitive to problems, which can affect quality and yields if left.. READ MORE »

September 29, 2020

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Understanding Drug Bioavailability in Drug Safety Courses

Bioavailability is an important concept for those invested in drug safety and pharmacovigilance to be aware of. Verifying and regulating rates of bioavailability of a drug can ensure that clinically significant doses are being delivered to patients, or that toxic doses aren’t being accidentally delivered. For a drug with low bioavailability, a larger dose would be required to breach the threshold of minimum effective concentration.  Bioavailability is, in essence, the rate and fraction at which a drug reaches systemic circulation unaltered. Certain drugs, such as those administered topically, do not require systemic circulation. For these, bioavailability will be irrelevant. However,.. READ MORE »

September 24, 2020

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Cannabis Edibles 101: 3 Things Those in Cannabis Industry Courses Should Know

Edibles have long been a popular method of cannabis consumption. Their most popular vessel is the baked good, where cannabis-infused brownies, cookies, and other sweets are eaten to experience the effects of the plant. However, cannabis edibles in the modern age, within Canada’s regulated market, can go far beyond that.  Today, consumers can purchase such products as cannabis-infused chocolate bars, gummies, and other candies; cannabis-infused oil that may be added to recipes; and cannabis-infused drinks, such as sparkling waters, sweet drinks, and alcohol-free wines and beers.  As a licensed cannabis retail worker, you should be aware of what these products.. READ MORE »

September 22, 2020

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